Translating the Genetic Language of Autism into Treatment
Translational research aims to accelerate the pace at which basic research yields effective clinical treatments for human diseases by taking discoveries between “bench” and “bedside.” For instance, translational researchers have identified alterations in a growing number of genes linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with the goal of enabling earlier diagnosis—when intervention can do the most good—and improved treatment.
Funding Will Involve Students in Research to Solve Real World Problems
Five professors at Yeshiva University’s undergraduate colleges helped secure nearly $2.4 million in shared scientific grants this summer.
Dr. Anatoly Frenkel
The grants range in focus from breast cancer research to alternative fuel solutions and will provide undergraduates with more opportunities than ever to engage in firsthand scientific study, hear from experts in the field and collaborate with other universities.
“One of the missions of the University is not only to educate our students in the great achievements of science and culture but also to show them how this knowledge is generated and evolves every day,” said Dr. Gabriel Cwilich, chair of YU’s division of natural sciences and mathematics. “The way to do that is to have a strong faculty, very much engaged in research, at the forefront of their disciplines so that they can teach the students both in the classroom and working beside them in the lab. Read the rest of this entry…
New Einstein Study Defines the Genetic Map of the Jewish Diasporas
A new genetic analysis focusing on Jews from North Africa has provided an overall genetic map of the Jewish Diasporas. The findings support the historical record of Middle Eastern Jews settling in North Africa during Classical Antiquity, proselytizing and marrying local populations, and, in the process, forming distinct populations that stayed largely intact for more than 2,000 years. The study, led by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, was recently published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Ten YU Students Selected for Summer Undergraduate Research Program at Einstein
Many college students spend their summer vacations on the beach, at a camp or relaxing at home, enjoying a well-earned break from research papers and exams.
Bella Wolf, a University Undergraduate Summer Research Scholar, hopes to pursue a career in ophthalmology.
Some, like Bella Wolf of Woodmere, NY, dissect mice eyes.
“I hope to go to medical school and become an ophthalmologist, so I feel very fortunate that I have been given the opportunity to work directly with mice eyes to help determine the DNA pathways that leads to lens transparency and the ability to see clearly,” she said.
Einstein Study Finds Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Doubles Risk of Death
Researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Montefiore Medical Center have found that people with a form of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a risk factor for developing Alzheimer’s disease, have twice the risk of dying compared with cognitively normal people. Those with dementia have three times the risk. The findings are being presented at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference in Vancouver this week.
Amnestic MCI is a condition in which people have memory problems more severe than normal for their age and education, but not serious enough to affect daily life. (Another form of MCI, nonamnestic MCI, is characterized by impaired thinking skills other than memory, such as trouble planning and organizing or poor judgment.) According to the Alzheimer’s Association, long-term studies suggest that 10 to 20 percent of people aged 65 and older may have MCI. Read the rest of this entry…
Dr. Matthew Miller and Students Bring Yiddish Translation to Whitman Archive
In his celebrated poem “To You,” Walt Whitman wrote, “None have understood you, but I understand you.” The line, an example of Whitman’s trademark empathy with America’s culturally diverse working class, has hit home for countless readers over the years. For a group of early 20th-century Jewish immigrants, however, Whitman’s understanding became the inspiration for a new fusion of American and Yiddish literature—a body of work Dr. Matthew Miller, assistant professor of English at Yeshiva University’s Stern College for Women, is hoping to bring to light.
In 1940, the Yiddish-American poet Louis Miller wrote a Yiddish translation of Whitman’s Leaves of Grass, which he titled Lider: fun bukh: bleter groz. Yiddish writers had already published a number of American authors in translation, but Whitman’s work was a popular subject for translation and literary criticism alike. Read the rest of this entry…
Professor Steven Fine Leads Rome Research into Aftermath of Temple Destruction
From June 5 to 7, 2012 an international team of scholars led by the Yeshiva University Center for Israel Studies in partnership with the Soprintendenza Speciale per i Beni Archeologici di Roma undertook a pilot study of the Arch of Titus in the Roman Forum, the ancient civic center of Rome, Italy. The focus of attention was the Menorah panel and the relief showing the deification of Titus at the apex of the arch.
The Menorah from the Temple in Jerusalem as depicted on Rome's Arch of Titus
The arch was originally dedicated after the Emperor Titus’ death in 81 CE and celebrates his victory in the Jewish War of 66-74 CE, which climaxed with the destruction of Jerusalem and her Temple in the summer of 70 CE. Read the rest of this entry…
Anatoly Frenkel and Team Secure Department of Energy Grant to Help Develop New Energy Sources
Dr. Anatoly Frenkel, professor of physics at Yeshiva University, is part of a team of physicists who have secured a three-year grant for nearly $2 million from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to study how sub-microscopic manmade nanoclusters can be used to create more efficient energy sources.
Frenkel and his colleagues will help the Department of Energy create more efficient fuel and new forms of energy,
Frenkel’s team, which includes Ralph Nuzzo (University of Illinois), John Rehr (U. Washington) and Judith Yang (University of Pittsburgh), will receive a total of $1.92 million over the next three years for a grant to study: “Reactivity & Structural Dynamics of Supported Metal Nanoclusters using Electron Microscopy, In-Situ X-Ray Spectroscopy, Electronic Structure Theories, & Molecular Dynamics Simulations.” Read the rest of this entry…
During the seven-week research experience, the students will be placed in intensive internships with top BIU faculty members, including those from the Institute for Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials and the Gonda Brain Research Center, and will work in the University’s state-of-the-art research laboratories. Read the rest of this entry…
Investigating Landmark Supreme Court Decision, Elie Friedman Publishes Findings on 1967 Academic Freedom Case
It was an issue of academic freedom, cultural change and personal integrity—but Elie Friedman, then a history student at Yeshiva College, needed to know more.
He originally came across the January 1967 Supreme Court case while looking through years of The New York Times back issues for Dr. Ellen Schrecker, professor of American history at Yeshiva College. Schrecker was working on the most recent of her many books, The Lost Soul of Higher Education: Corporatization, the Assault on American Freedom, and the End of the American University, and Friedman, who had just finished his freshman year, was her research assistant. His mission: to seek out and analyze articles that tracked the battle for academic freedom in universities across America over the course of months and years during the 60s and 70s.
“It was a first-hand introduction to history, not just reading about it in books,” said Friedman, a native of Teaneck, NJ. “I was reading newspapers from 40 to 50 years ago day by day, the same way I read newspapers today.”