That analysis came during a panel discussion sponsored by Yeshiva University’s Stern College for Women at the Center for Jewish History, home to the Yeshiva University Museum. The Feb. 29 discussion, “Israel and Her Neighbors: Peace in Our Lifetime?”, kicked off a yearlong series of lectures celebrating Stern College’s 50th anniversary.
The discussion covered a range of issues affecting Israeli-Arab relations and peace prospects in the wake of Saddam Hussein’s defeat and capture and Washington’s war on terror. The event was presented by Stern College’s Dr. Marcia Robbins-Wilf Scholar-In-Residence Program, which brings leading thinkers, authors, and artists to the school each year.
David Makovsky, a senior fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, said the security barrier—a snaking web of walls, razor wire, patrol roads, watchtowers, and electric fences—is crucial to stopping Palestinian suicide bombers, such as the one who killed eight Israelis on a Jerusalem bus Feb. 22. Mr. Makovsky shared the stage with Malcolm Hoenlein, executive vice president of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations. Gary Rosenblatt, editor and publisher of The Jewish Week, moderated the hour-long discussion.
Mr. Makovsky pointed to some 280 attempted suicide bombing infiltrations since September 2000, when Palestinian Arabs in the West Bank and Gaza Strip unleashed a sustained program of violence against Israeli civilians. “The fence is there only to stop the attacks,” Mr. Makovsky told 300 guests at the Leo and Julia Forchheimer Auditorium. He said establishment of a fence is supported by 83 percent of Israeli Jews, buoyed by “the 100 percent success rate of halting Palestinian infiltrations from Gaza since 2001, after the fence separating Israel from Gaza was rebuilt.”
He said the 480-mile fence cannot resolve the conflict, which he defined as a “new Cold War,” but “can save lives and begin disentangling these two hostile populations.”
Both Mr. Makovsky and Mr. Hoenlein had harsh words for the decision of the UN’s International Court of Justice in The Hague to hear oral arguments on the barrier.
Mr. Hoenlein said the justices were pandering to Arab pressure and should have recused themselves from the case.
Both men said they rejected calls by critics that Israel move the barrier closer to the so-called Green Line, or Israel’s pre-1967 border. Mr. Hoenlein said the current route of the wall was a “security decision, not a political decision.”
The two men also endorsed Israel Prime Minister Ariel Sharon’s plan to withdraw from parts of Gaza and the West Bank, and said such moves could presage future opportunities for peace, but only if Arab governments cease their support of Islamic terror groups.
Karen Bacon, PhD, Dr. Monique C. Katz Dean of Stern, introduced the program. Dr. Robbins-Wilf closed the session.